完整版:2017年6月四级考试真题卷1

2017/11/27 作者:小歪

学为贵为广大考生提供完整版四六级真题,今天分享的是2017年06月四级考试真题卷1

Part I                   Writing       (25 minutes)

(请于正式开考后半小时内完成该部分,之后将进行听力考试)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an advertisement on your campus website to sell a bicycle you used at college. Your advertisement may include its brand, features,condition and price, and your contact information. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

Part II             Listening Comprehension           (30 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and questions will be spoken only once. After you hear questions, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

 Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1.   A) The self-driving system was faulty.    

B)   The car was moving at a fast speed.

C)  The man in the car was absent-minded.

D)  The test driver made a wrong judgment.

2.   A) They have generally done quite well.

B)   They have caused several severe crashes.

C)  They have posed a threat to other drivers.

D)  They have done better than conventional cars.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3.   A) He is a queen bee specialist.  

B) He works at a national park.  

C)  He removed the bees from the boot.

D)  He drove the bees away from his car.

4.   A) They were making a lot of noise. 

B) They were looking after the queen.   

C)  They were dancing in a unique way.

D)  They were looking for a new box to live in.

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5.A) The latest test on a rare animal species.

B) The finding of two new species of frog.  

C)  The second trip to a small remote island

D)  The discovery of a new species of snake.

6. A) He fell from a tall palm tree by accident.

B)   A snake crawled onto his head in his sleep,

C)  He discovered a rare frog on a deserted island.

D)  A poisonous snake attacked him on his field trip.

7. A) From its origin.

B)   From its length.

C)  From its colour

D)  From its genes

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8.  A) The airport is a long way from the hotel.

B)  His flight is leaving in less than 2 hours.

C) He has to check a lot of luggage

D)The security check takes time

9.  A) In cash.

B) By credit card.

C)  With his smart phone.

D) With a traveler's check

10.A)Look after his luggage.

B) Find a porter for him.

C)  Give him a receipt.

D) Confirm his flight.

11. A)Posting a comment on the hotel’s webpage.

B)  Staying in the same hotel next time he comes.

C)  Signing up for membership of Sheraton Hotel.

D) Loading her luggage onto the airport shuttle.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. A) He becomes tearful in wind.

B) He is the only boy in his family.

C)  He is his teacher's favorite student.

D) He has stopped making terrible faces.

13. A) Warn him of danger by making up a story.

B) Give him some cherry stones to play with.

C)  Do something funny to amuse him.

D) Tell him to play in her backyard.

14. A) They could knock people unconscious.

B) They could fly against a strong wind.

C)  They could sometimes terrify adults.

D) They could break people's legs.

15. A) One would have curly hair if they ate too much stale bread.

B)  One would go to prison if they put a stamp on upside down.

C)  One would have to shave their head to remove a bat in their hair.

D) One would get a spot on their tongue if they told a lie deliberately.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line throughthe centre.

 

Questions 16 to18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) Everything seemed to be changing..

B) People were formal and disciplined.

C)  People were excited to go traveling overseas.

D ) Things from the Victorian era came back alive.

17. A ) Watching TV at home

 B) Drinking coffee

C )Meeting people .

 D ) Trying new foods

 18 . A ) He was interested in stylish dresses

 C )He was a young student in the 1960s

 B ) He was able to make a lot of money .

 D ) He was a man full of imagination

 Questions 1 9 to21 are based on the passage you have just heard

 19 . A ) they avoid looking at them

 C )They show anger on their faces

 B ) They run away immediately

 D ) They make threatening sounds

20 . A ) It turns to its owner for help

 C )It looks away and gets angry too

 B ) It turns away to avoid conflict .

 D ) It focuses its eyes on their mouths

 21 . A ) By observing their facial features carefully

 B ) By focusing on a particular body movement

 C )By taking in their facial expressions as a whole

 D ) By interpreting different emotions in different ways

 Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard

22. A) They have to look for food and shelter underground.

B)   They take little notice of the changes in temperature.

C)  They resort to different means to survive the bitter cold.

D)  They have difficulty adapting to the changed environment.

23. A) They have their weight reduced to the minimum.

B)   They consume energy stored before the long sleep.

C)  They can maintain their heart beat at the normal rate.

D)  They can keep their body temperature warm and stable.

24. A) By staying in hiding places and eating very little.

B)   By seeking food and shelter in people's houses.

C)  By growing thicker hair to stay warm.

D)  By storing enough food beforehand.

25.  A) To stay safe.    C) To keep company.

B) To save energy.   D) To protect the young.

Part Ⅲ     Reading Comprehension        (40 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices, Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

 

Questions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage.

The method for making beer has changed over time. Hops (啤酒花),for example, which give many a modem beer its bitter flavor, are a (26)_______recent addition to the beverage. This was first mentioned in reference to brewing in the ninth century. Now, researchers have found a (27)_______ingredient in residue (残留物)from 5,000-year-old beer brewing equipment. While digging two pits at a site in the central plains of China, scientists discovered fragments from pots and vessels. The different shapes of the containers (28)_______  they were used to brew, filter, and store beer. They may be ancient “beer-makingtools,” and the earliest (29_______     evidence of beer brewing in China, the researchers reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. To (30)_______     that theory, the team examined they ellowish, dried (31)_______     inside the vessels. The majority of the grains, about 80%, were from cerealcrops like barley(大麦),and about 10% were bits of roots, (32)_______lily,which would have made the beer sweeter, the scientists say. Barley was an unexpected find: the crop was domesticated in Western Eurasia and didn't become a (33)_______food in central China until about 2,000 years ago, according to the researchers. Based on that timing, they indicate barley may have (34)_______in the region not as food, but as (35)_______material for beer brewing.

 

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

A)   Arrived

B) consuming

C) direct

D) exclusively

E) including

F) inform

G) raw

H) reached

I) relatively

J) remains

K)resources

L) staple

M) suggest

N) surprising

O) test


 

Section B

Directions:In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

 

The Blessing and Curse of the People Who Never Forget

A handful of people can recall almost every day of their lives in enormous detailand after years of research, neuroscientists (神经科学专家) are finally beginning to understand how they do it.

[A]For most of us, memory is a mess of blurred and faded pictures of our lives. As much as we would like to cling on to our past, even the saddest moments can be washed away with time.

[B]Ask Nima Veiseh what he was doing for any day in the past 15 years, however, and he will give you the details of the weather, what he was wearing, or even what side of the train he was sitting on his journey to work. “My memory is like a library of video tapes, walk-throughs of every day of my life from waking to sleeping,” he explains.

[C]Veiseh can even put a date on when those tapes started recording: 15 December 2000, when he met his first girlfriend at his best friend's 16th birthday party. He had always had a good memory, but the thrill of young love seems to have shifted a gear in his mind: from now on, he would start recording his whole life in detail. “I could tell you everything about every day after that.”

[D]Needless to say, people like Veiseh are of great interest to neuroscientists hoping to understand the way the brain records our lives. A couple of recent papers have finally opened a window on these people’s extraordinary minds. And such research might even suggest ways for us all to relive our past with greater clarity.

[E]“Highly superior autobiographical memory”(or HSAM for short) first came to light in the early 2000s, with a young woman named Jill Price. Emailing the neuroscientist and memory researcher Jim McGaugh one day, she claimed that she could recall every day of her life since the age of 12. Could he help explain her experiences?

[F]McGaugh invited her to his lab, and began to test her: he would give her a date and ask her to tell him about the world events on that day. True to her word, she was correct almost every time.

[G]It didn’t take long for magazines and documentary film-makers to come to understand her “total recall”, and thank to the subsequent media interest, a few dozen other subjects (including Veiseh) have since come forward and contacted the team at the University of California, Irvine.

[H]Interestingly, their memories are highly self-centred: although they can remember “autobiographical” life events in extraordinary detail, they seem to be no better than average at recalling impersonal information, such as random (任意选取的lists of words. Nor are they necessarily better at remembering a round of drinks, say. And although their memories are vast, they are still likely to suffer from “false memories”.Clearly, there is no such thing as a “perfect” memorytheir extraordinary minds are still using the same flawed tools that the rest of us rely on. The question is, how?

[I]Lawrence Patihis at the University of Southern Mississippi recently studied around 20 people with HSAM and found that they scored particularly high on two measures: fantasy proneness ()and absorption. Fantasy proneness could be considered a tendency to imagine and daydream, whereas absorption is the tendency to allow your mind to become fully absorbed in an activity to pay complete attention to the sensations (感受)and the experiences. “I’m extremely sensitive to sounds, smells and visual detail,” explains Nicole Donohue, who has taken part in many of these studies. “I definitely feel things more strongly than the average person.”

[J]The absorption helps them to establish strong foundations for recollection, says Patihis, and the fantasy proneness means that they revisit those memories again and again in the coming weeks and months. Each time this initial memory trace is “replayed”, it becomes even stronger. In some ways, you probably go through that process after a big event like your wedding day, but the difference is that thanks to their other psychological tendencies, the HSAM subjects are doing it day in, day out, for the whole of their lives.

[K]Not everyone with a tendency to fantasise will develop HSAM, though, so Patihis suggests that something must have caused them to think so much about their past. “Maybe some experience in their childhood meant that they became obsessed(着迷with calendars and what happened to them,”says Patihis.

[L]The people with HSAM I’ve interviewed would certainly agree that it can be a mixed blessing. On the plus side, it allows you to relive the most transformative and enriching experiences. Veiseh, for instance, travelled a lot in his youth. In his spare time, he visited the local art galleries, and the paintings are now lodged deep in his autobiographical memories.

[M]“Imagine being able to remember every painting, on every wall, in every gallery space, between nearly 40 countries,” he says. “That’s a big education in art by itself.” With this comprehensive knowledge of the history of art, he has since become a professional painter.

[N]Donohue, now a history teacher, agrees that it helped during certain parts of her education. “I can definitely remember what I learned on certain days at school. I could imagine what the teacher was saying or what it looked like in the book.”

[O]Not everyone with HSAM has experienced these benefits, however. Viewing the past in high definition can make it very difficult to get over pain and regret. “It can be very hard to forget embarrassing moments,” says Donohue. “You feel the same emotionsit is just as raw, just as fresh... You can’t turn off that stream of memories, no matter how hard you try.” Veiseh agrees. “It is like having these open woundsthey are just a part of you,” he says.

[P]This means they often have to make a special effort to lay the past to rest. Bill, for instance, often gets painful “flashbacks”,in which unwanted memories intrude into his consciousness, but overall he has chosen to see it as the best way of avoiding repeating the same mistakes. “Some people are absorbed in the past but not open to new memories, but that’s not the case for me. I look forward to each day and experiencing something new.”

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

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